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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/44299

Type: Journal article
Title: Manipulating perceptions of spider characteristics and predicted spider fear: Evidence for the cognitive vulnerability model of the etiology of fear
Author: Armfield, Jason Mathew
Citation: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 2007; 21 (5):691-703
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 0887-6185
School/Discipline: School of Dentistry
Organisation: Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Jason M. Armfield
Abstract: The present study reports on an attempt to experimentally manipulate perceptions of uncontrollability, unpredictability and dangerousness related to an imaginal encounter with a spider in order to determine whether there is an effect on self-rated predicted spider fear. Experimental manipulations involved differing information in relation to both the spider and the imaginal task. The control, predictability and dangerousness manipulations all had significant main effects on task-related spider fear (TRSF). Measures of the perception of the spiders as uncontrollable, unpredictable and dangerous were also significantly associated with TRSF and accounted for 42% of the variance in predicted fear beyond that accounted for by the experimental manipulations. Results are discussed in terms of their implications for better understanding the etiology and maintenance of fear. The overall findings are consistent with the cognitive vulnerability model, with cognitive perceptions of an object or situation seen as causal determinants of the fear associated with the stimulus.
Keywords: Fear; Cognitive vulnerability; Control; Predictability; Danger; Spider phobia
Description: Copyright © 2006 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
RMID: 0020072362
DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2006.10.005
Description (link): http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/801/description#description
Appears in Collections:ARCPOH publications
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