Adelaide Research and Scholarship
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|Title: ||Antenna positioning analysis and dual-frequency antenna design of high frequency ratio for advanced electronic code responding labels.|
|Author: ||Leong, Kin Seong|
|Issue Date: ||2008|
|School/Discipline: ||School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering|
|Abstract: ||The research background of this thesis is Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), where an object can be identified remotely using electromagnetic waves. The focus of this thesis is on the in-depth investigation of two major problems in the RFID deployment in supply chain applications, namely the reader collision problem in dense reader environments and the tag performance problem in hostile environments.
To resolve the reader collision problem, the first part of this thesis offers a comprehensive path loss model for the analysis of the positioning of RFID reader antennas. Simulation software was developed to predict the signal strength at a certain distance from a reader antenna in a dense reader environment. This simulation software was also utilised to publish insights and research results in four major areas, which are: (i) Investigation on the sources of error in RFID simulation, to provide sensible and meaningful simulation results before actual deployment of RFID readers. (ii) The development of the idea of reader synchronisation, mainly to address the strict regulations imposed on the deployment of RFID readers in Europe. (iii) The determination of the threshold value for second carrier sensing in RFID, to enable the proper enforcement of second carrier sensing to avoid tag confusion in dense reader environments. (iv) The examination of Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) to ensure human safety in a dense RFID reader environment.
The second part of this thesis addresses the RFID tag performance problem in hostile environments. The focus is on the development of HF and UHF tags, from the initial tag antenna design, tag antenna simulation, tag antenna prototyping and measurement, to the manufacturing of fully functional RFID tags at laboratory standards by combining RFID chips on to tag antennas.
Though there are existing commercial grade HF and UHF RFID tags, they are mostly aimed at pallet level applications and are not suitable for deployment in hostile environments. The study cases presented in this thesis are mostly industrially driven, where there is a need to design specialty HF and UHF tag antennas. With a strong foundation in the development of HF and UHF RFID tags for various industrially driven applications, the research then concentrates on the development of a novel dual-frequency RFID antenna, which operates in both the HF and UHF regions. This dual-frequency RFID tag antenna embraces the benefits of both the HF and UHF tag antenna, which enable it to have a good read range while operating in environments that pose difficulties for RFID technology, for example applications in which ionised liquid is present, such as in cases of wine or bottled drinks.
Several methodologies were used to develop a dual-frequency antenna, including the merging of HF and UHF antennas, and having a UHF resonance point on a typical HF antenna. With the successful development of an original dual-frequency antenna, the research was then expanded to miniaturise this dual-frequency antenna.
The benefits of RFID deployment in supply chains are undoubtedly massive, though there are still issues and challenges to be resolved before a world-wide adoption is possible. This thesis contributes in recommending various reader antenna positioning and deployment techniques, and also contributes in developing HF tag antennas and UHF tag antennas for hostile environments, and a novel dual-frequency tag antenna to progress towards the aim of ubiquitous object identification.|
|Advisor: ||Cole, Peter Harold|
Bates, Bevan Douglas
Mickan, Samuel Peter
|Dissertation Note: ||Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of Adelaide, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 2008|
|Subject: ||Radio frequency identification systems.|
|Provenance: ||Copyright material removed from digital thesis. See print copy in University of Adelaide Library for full text.|
|Call number: ||09PH L5831|
|Description (link): ||http://proxy.library.adelaide.edu.au/login?url=http://library.adelaide.edu.au/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=1330885|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Theses|
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