Adelaide Research and Scholarship
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|Title: ||Formulation of an integrated approach to sustainable water management in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.|
|Author: ||Vo, Phu Le|
|Issue Date: ||2008|
|School/Discipline: ||School of Social Sciences : Geographical and Environmental Studies|
|Abstract: ||In 1986, Vietnam opened up the country’s economy by launching the Doi Moi (renovation)
policy, which made the process of economic liberalisation possible. Accordingly, Ho Chi
Minh City, the country’s biggest city, has undergone rapid growth of population,
urbanisation and industrialisation. While achieving remarkable economic growth, the city
faces considerable urban environmental challenges. The rapid growth of urbanisation and
industry has placed increasing pressure on available freshwater resources, through
excessive water use and increasing volumes of untreated wastewater. Firstly, the urban
water sector has had to meet growing demand for water use for domestic purposes during
the dry season. Secondly, groundwater levels have experienced a substantial drawdown in
outlying urban districts as a result of over-abstraction. Thirdly, rapidly expanding
industrial activities are causing severe demand on water resources. The city’s major supply
sources have developed an alarming level of pollutants discharged by industry.
The aim of this thesis is to formulate an integrated approach to the sustainable management
of water resources in Ho Chi Minh City. In order to achieve this, the research was designed
to examine institutional frameworks and arrangements and to explore the perception of
water value by water users and stakeholders. The underlying reasons for ineffective
management are anchored in fragmented management practices which result from
inadequate institutional frameworks and arrangements, inadequate regulations and
inappropriate water governance. Weak enforcement of law and insufficient cooperation
between government agencies and departments in Ho Chi Minh City and their counterparts
in neighbouring provinces also limit management efficacy.
The research results show that stakeholders have different perceptions of water resources.
Overall, water value has been considered as a social and economic good by both the urban
respondents and government officials. However, most urban residents view water as a
social good rather than an economic one. Public involvement in the water sector is limited.
Most urban dwellers have little understanding and knowledge about the city’s water issues
or the available channels to access information on water resources.
Many government officials are inadequately trained, poorly qualified, inexperienced and
have irrelevant or outdated background knowledge about their field of management.
Government respondents did not provide consistent data and information on the water
profile because there is no shared common information on water issues in place. Findings
from the fieldwork show that decentralisation, privatisation and using rainwater as a
potential alternative water source are preferred.
Finally, the study proposes a schematic revision of existing management structures and
mechanisms between local government agencies. This thesis proposes a model for a water
conservation strategy for which the management and use of water resources is aligned with
adequate institutional arrangements and effective regulations. Water governance and
management of water resources need to work with economic and urbanisation growth.|
|Advisor: ||Williams, Martin|
|Dissertation Note: ||Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of Adelaide, School of Social Sciences, 2008|
|Keywords: ||Formulation; Integrated approach; Water management; Ho Chi Minh City; Vietnam|
|Provenance: ||Copyright material removed from digital thesis. See print copy in University of Adelaide Library for full text.|
|Call number: ||09PH V8721|
|Description (link): ||http://proxy.library.adelaide.edu.au/login?url=http://library.adelaide.edu.au/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=1331639|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Theses|
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