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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/73242

Type: Journal article
Title: Effects on 3-mercaptohexan-1-ol precursor concentrations from prolonged storage of Sauvignon blanc grapes prior to crushing and pressing
Author: Capone, D.
Black, C.
Jeffery, D.
Citation: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2012; 60(13):3515-3523
Publisher: Amer Chemical Soc
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0021-8561
1520-5118
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Dimitra L. Capone, Cory A. Black, and David W. Jeffery
Abstract: Formation of wine thiol precursors is a dynamic process, which can be influenced by vineyard and winery processing operations. With the aim of increasing thiol precursor concentrations, a study of the effects of storing machine-harvested Sauvignon blanc grapes prior to crushing and pressing was undertaken on a commercial scale. 3-Mercaptohexan-1-ol (3-MH) precursors, 2-S-glutathionylcaftaric acid (grape reaction product, GRP), glutathione (GSH) and a number of C6 compounds were assessed at several time points during the experiment. The concentration of the cysteine precursor to 3-MH doubled within 8 h and tripled after 30 h while the GSH and cysteinylglycine precursors increased in concentration roughly 1.5 times. (E)-2-Hexenal and GSH levels decreased as thiol precursors, GRP and C6 alcohols increased during storage. Principal component analysis revealed that precursors contributed to most of the variation within the samples over the storage period, with additional influence, primarily from GSH and GRP, as well as (E)-2-hexenal and (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol. Early storage time points were associated with higher concentrations of GSH and some unsaturated C6 compounds while longer storage times were most closely associated with higher thiol precursor and GRP concentrations. This study provides a detailed overview of interactions related to thiol precursor formation on a commercial scale and highlights the ability to manipulate precursor concentrations prior to grape crushing.
Keywords: wine aroma; 3-mercaptohexan-1-ol; wine thiol precursors; storage; C6 volatiles; grape reaction product; analysis; synthesis
Rights: Copyright © 2012 American Chemical Society
RMID: 0020118306
DOI: 10.1021/jf300054h
Appears in Collections:Wine Science publications
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