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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/73478

Type: Journal article
Title: Upper-Eyelid Wick Syndrome: association of upper-eyelid dermatochalasis and tearing
Author: Avisar, Inbal
Norris, J. H.
Selva-Nayagam, Dinesh Niranjan
Malhotra, Raman
Citation: Archives of Ophthalmology, 2012; 130(8):1007-1012
Publisher: American Medical Association
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0003-9950
School/Discipline: School of Medicine : Opthalmology & Visual Sciences
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Inbal Avisar, Jonathan H. Norris, Dinesh Selva and Raman Malhotra
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To highlight a case series of patients manifesting epiphora and misdirection of tears laterally or along the upper-eyelid skin crease. This association has been termed upper-eyelid wick syndrome. We describe the clinical features and outcomes of management of these patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients referred to 2 oculoplastic centers during a 6-year period for epiphora, who were considered to have misdirection of tears related in some way to upper-eyelid dermatochalasis. RESULTS: Nine patients (7 women and 2 men; mean [SD] age, 61.2 [11.3] years, range, 41-76 years) with bilateral epiphora and lateral spillover (100%), occasionally combined with upper-eyelid wetting (n=2). All patients had upper-eyelid dermatochalasis. Five patients had uppereyelid skin obscuring and in contact with the lateral canthus (type 1), and in 4 the lateral canthus was only partially obscured by upper-eyelid skin (type 2). Five patients (56%) had linear excoriation of skin in the lateral canthus. All patients underwent upper-eyelid blepharoplasty, 3 combined with ptosis repair and 3 combined with eyebrow-lift. All patients achieved 80% to 100% improvement in epiphora following surgical intervention to the upper eyelid. The mean (range) follow-up was 2.8(1-6)years. CONCLUSIONS: We defined upper-eyelid wick syndrome as the misdirection of tears laterally or along the uppereyelid skin crease causing epiphora, related in some way to upper-eyelid dermatochalasis. In all cases, epiphora improved with treatment of upper-eyelid dermatochalasis. Although recognized among physicians, this has never been formally described in the ophthalmic literature, to our knowledge.
Rights: © 2012 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0020121818
DOI: 10.1001/archophthalmol.2012.1340
Appears in Collections:Opthalmology & Visual Sciences publications
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