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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/73524

Type: Journal article
Title: Punctal stenosis: definition, diagnosis, and treatment
Author: Soiberman, Uri
Kakizaki, Hirohiko
Selva-Nayagam, Dinesh Niranjan
Leibovitch, Igal
Citation: Clinical Ophthalmology, 2012; 6(1):1011-1018
Publisher: Dove Medical Press Ltd
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 1177-5467
School/Discipline: School of Medicine : Opthalmology & Visual Sciences
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Uri Soiberman, Hirohiko Kakizaki, Dinesh Selva, Igal Leibovitch
Abstract: Acquired punctal stenosis is a condition in which the external opening of the lacrimal canaliculus is narrowed or occluded. This condition is a rare cause of symptomatic epiphora, but its incidence may be higher in patients with chronic blepharitis, in those treated with various topical medications, including antihypertensive agents, and especially in patients treated with taxanes for cancer. The purpose of this review is to cover the medical literature, focusing in particular on definition, incidence, risk factors, etiology and treatment options.
Keywords: acquired punctal stenosis; definition; epiphora; etiology; treatment
Rights: © 2012 Soiberman et al, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd. This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.
RMID: 0020121812
DOI: 10.2147/OPTH.S31904
Appears in Collections:Opthalmology & Visual Sciences publications
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