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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/73781

Type: Journal article
Title: Dietary patterns of infants and toddlers are associated with nutrient intakes
Author: Smithers, Lisa Gaye
Golley, Rebecca K.
Brazionis, Laima
Emmett, Pauline
Northstone, Kate
Lynch, John William
Citation: Nutrients, 2012; 4(8):935-948
Publisher: MDPI
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 2072-6643
School/Discipline: School of Population Health and Clinical Practice : Public Health
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Lisa G. Smithers, Rebecca K. Golley, Laima Brazionis, Pauline Emmett, Kate Northstone and John W. Lynch
Abstract: Dietary patterns are a useful summary measure of diet. Few studies have examined the nutrient profiles underpinning the dietary patterns of young children. The study aim is to determine whether dietary patterns at 6 and 15 months of age are associated with nutrient intakes at 8 and 18 months, respectively. Participants were children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children who had complete dietary pattern and nutrient intake data (n = 725 at 6–8 months, n = 535 at 15–18 months). The association between tertiles of dietary pattern scores and nutrient intake was examined using a non-parametric test for trend. Scores on the home-made traditional pattern (6–8 months) were positively associated with median energy intake. Each dietary pattern had different associations with energy-adjusted intakes of macro- and micro-nutrients. At both times, the discretionary pattern was positively and the ready-prepared baby foods pattern was negatively associated with sodium intake. At 6–8 months, calcium and iron intakes decreased across scores on the home-made traditional and breastfeeding patterns, but increased across the ready-prepared baby food patterns. These findings highlight that dietary patterns in infants and toddlers vary in their underlying energy and nutrient composition.
Keywords: Dietary patterns; infants; toddlers; nutrient intake; ALSPAC
Rights: © 2012 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
RMID: 0020122036
DOI: 10.3390/nu4080935
Appears in Collections:Public Health publications
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