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Adelaide Research and Scholarship : Theses : Research Theses

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/74157

Type: Thesis
Title: An investigation of Terahertz near-field imaging.
Author: Lin, Hungyen
Issue Date: 2012
School/Discipline: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Abstract: The spatial resolution of conventional terahertz (THz) images is limited by the wavelength of THz radiation (0.3mmfor 1 THz) and is therefore in the submillimetre range. The general motivation behind an increased spatial resolution is to distinguish objects separated by sub-wavelength distances and to cater for a smaller sample size. Owing to the infancy of the technology, much work has to be carried out to improve the system resolution. The focus of this Thesis is not to further improve the resolution, but rather, take a step back to elucidate further understanding THz near-field approach. This thesis, in the scope of engineering, investigates the focused beam near-field technique through experimentation and modelling with an aim to provide a better understanding in the far-field and near-field regime. The work aims to assist with the future implementation of THz near-field imaging systems. This body of work performs far-field studies of a sub-wavelength THz source (Chapter 5) and a near-field investigation for potential microscopic application (Chapter 6). In particular, this can be outlined into two categories: Far-field studies of a sub-wavelength THz source focus on modelling the source as a radiating Gaussian aperture and illustrate the breakdown of the paraxial approximation at low THz frequencies. The findings show that the shape of the radiation pattern causes a reduction in detectable THz radiation and hence contribute significantly to low signal-to-noise ratio in THz radiation generation. The investigation can apply without a loss of generality to other types of sub-wavelength sources for THz generation, such as, in photoconduction and plasma generation. Simulation of the laser heating effects from prolonged intense exposure of a highly confined optical beam on the THz emitter is also conducted. The near-field investigation of a sub-wavelength THz source in a THz emitter also models the source as a radiating Gaussian aperture. Based on realistic parameter values, the model allows for THz beam characterisation in the near-field region for potential microscopy applications. The proposed validated numerical model therefore aids in the quantitative understanding of the performance parameters. The work can be applied to other focused beam THz techniques such as photoconductive antennas without a loss of generality. Thin THz emitters have been reported to generate THz radiation power enhancement. Empirical investigation of a reported unexpected thin crystal power enhancement is also conducted. In addition to these parts of the original contributions, the Thesis offers an introductory background to THz-TDS and THz near-field imaging. Three side investigations are described in the appendices: (i) THz photoconductive antenna material characterisation, (ii) THz near-field material detection, and (iii) Gas recognition with THz-TDS.
Advisor: Abbott, Derek
Fischer, Bernd Michael
Fumeaux, Christophe
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 2012
Keywords: terahertz; t-rays
Provenance: Copyright material removed from digital thesis. See print copy in University of Adelaide Library for full text.
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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