Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/100198
Type: Theses
Title: Mechanisms of dyspnoea and poor exercise tolerance in a representative cohort of elderly patients with a relatively normal ejection fraction on echocardiography
Author: Mahadavan, Gnanadevan
Issue Date: 2016
School/Discipline: School of Medicine
Abstract: Heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a syndrome that has experienced increasing interest over the last two decades, as there have been significant limitations in defining, diagnosing and treating the condition, as opposed to the great strides made in treating heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). The limitations are related to the incomplete characterization of the affected individuals in epidemiological studies due to the lack of robust definitions for the syndrome, as well as the lack of easy to use and widely available investigational tools. Most of the investigational tools measure resting cardiac physiological abnormalities, but the predominant symptom of HFpEF is exertional breathlessness, and therefore a robust investigational tool should be able to measure abnormal exercise physiology. The contribution of subtle systolic impairment, despite a preserved overall ejection fraction to the pathophysiology of HFpEF, has not been fully established, which adds to the overall difficulties in diagnosis and establishing therapeutics. The aims of this thesis were therefore to: ◆ establish the community prevalence and population characteristics of HFpEF ◆ determine the extent of correlation between the presence of abnormal exercise physiology of presumptive cardiac cause and that of impaired left ventricular relaxation/filling at rest ◆ determine whether minor impairment of left ventricular systolic function may represent a substantial contributor to the development of dyspnoea. The studies from this doctoral thesis have established that not all patients with dyspnoea and a preserved ejection fraction are cardiac limited and dyspnoeic patients in a community setting are a heterogeneous group. The true prevalence of HFpEF in a community setting was established, albeit underestimated for reasons that are outlined in the thesis. The dyspnoeic group also have significantly more resting diastolic abnormalities than asymptomatic individuals, but the degree of difference was not strongly associated with symptomatic status. Combining diastolic abnormalities had an incremental impact in predicting dyspnoea, but a significant number of dyspnoeic patients did not have more than one diastolic abnormality. The significant but weak correlation between abnormal exercise physiology and that of impaired left ventricular relaxation/filling at rest was established. The correlation improved when abnormal exercise physiology was fully characterized with cardio-pulmonary exercise testing. Finally, the presence of subtle systolic impairment in patients who were dyspnoeic with cardiac limitation was established. Combining resting systolic and diastolic abnormalities improved the correlation with abnormal exercise physiology. Research from this doctoral thesis has contributed to the epidemiology, diagnostic algorithms and pathophysiology of HFpEF. Clinically this will help define the syndrome and aid in finding suitable therapeutics for the syndrome.
Advisor: Horowitz, John David
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Medicine, 2016.
Keywords: HFpEF
HFrEF
mechanisms of HFpEF
dyspnoea
mechanisms of dyspnoea
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/legals
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
01front.pdf283.35 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02whole.pdf2.04 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Permissions
  Restricted Access
Library staff access only350.08 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Restricted
  Restricted Access
Library staff access only2.04 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.