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Type: Journal article
Title: Classification of MALDI-MS imaging data of tissue microarrays using canonical correlation analysis based variable selection
Author: Winderbaum, L.
Koch, I.
Mittal, P.
Hoffmann, P.
Citation: Proteomics, 2016; 16(11-12):1731-1735
Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 1615-9853
Statement of
Lyron Winderbaum, Inge Koch, Parul Mittal and Peter Hoffmann
Abstract: Applying MALDI-MS imaging to tissue microarrays (TMAs) provides access to proteomics data from large cohorts of patients in a cost- and time-efficient way, and opens the potential for applying this technology in clinical diagnosis. The complexity of these TMA data—high-dimensional low sample size—provides challenges for the statistical analysis, as classical methods typically require a nonsingular covariance matrix that cannot be satisfied if the dimension is greater than the sample size. We use TMAs to collect data from endometrial primary carcinomas from 43 patients. Each patient has a lymph node metastasis (LNM) status of positive or negative, which we predict on the basis of the MALDI-MS imaging TMA data. We propose a variable selection approach based on canonical correlation analysis that explicitly uses the LNM information. We apply LDA to the selected variables only. Our method misclassifies 2.3–20.9% of patients by leave-one-out cross-validation and strongly outperforms LDA after reduction of the original data with principle component analysis.
Keywords: Bioinformatics; Canonical correlation analysis; Classification; Endometrial cancer; MALDI-MS imaging; Variable ranking
Description: First published: 9 May 2016
Rights: © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
DOI: 10.1002/pmic.201500451
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