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Type: Journal article
Title: Nucleon excited state wave functions from lattice QCD
Author: Roberts, D.
Kamleh, W.
Leinweber, D.
Citation: Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 2014; 89(7):074501-1-074501-16
Publisher: American Physical Society
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 1550-7998
Statement of
Dale S. Roberts, Waseem Kamleh, and Derek B. Leinweber
Abstract: We apply the eigenvectors from a variational analysis to successfully extract the three-quark color-singlet wave functions of even-parity excited states of the nucleon. We explore the first four states in the spectrum excited by the standard nucleon interpolating field. We find that the states exhibit a structure qualitatively consistent with a constituent quark model, where the ground, first, second, and third excited states have 0, 1, 2, and 3 nodes in the radial wave function of the d quark about two u quarks at the origin. Moreover, the radial amplitude of the probability distribution is similar to that predicted by constituent quark models. We present a detailed examination of the quark-mass dependence of the probability distributions for these states, searching for a nontrivial role for the multiparticle components mixed in the finite-volume QCD eigenstates. Finally we examine the dependence of the d-quark probability distribution on the positions of the two u quarks. The results are fascinating, with the underlying S-wave orbitals governing the distributions even at rather large u-quark separations.
Description: Published 31 March 2014
Rights: © 2014 American Physical Society
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.89.074501
Grant ID: ARC
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