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Type: Journal article
Title: Tunable lifetime multiplexing using luminescent nanocrystals
Author: Lu, Y.
Zhao, J.
Zhang, R.
Liu, Y.
Liu, D.
Goldys, E.
Yang, X.
Xi, P.
Sunna, A.
Lu, J.
Shi, Y.
Leif, R.
Huo, Y.
Shen, J.
Piper, J.
Robinson, J.
Jin, D.
Citation: Nature Photonics, 2014; 8(1):33-37
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 1749-4885
Statement of
Yiqing Lu, Jiangbo Zhao, Run Zhang, Yujia Liu, Deming Liu, Ewa M. Goldys
Abstract: Optical multiplexing plays an important role in applications such as optical data storage(1), document security(2), molecular probes(3,4) and bead assays for personalized medicine(5). Conventional fluorescent colour coding is limited by spectral overlap and background interference, restricting the number of distinguishable identities. Here, we show that tunable luminescent lifetimes tau in the microsecond region can be exploited to code individual upconversion nanocrystals. In a single colour band, one can generate more than ten nanocrystal populations with distinct lifetimes ranging from 25.6 mu s to 662.4 mu s and decode their well-separated lifetime identities, which are independent of both colour and intensity. Such 'tau-dots' potentially suit multichannel bioimaging, high-throughput cytometry quantification, high-density data storage, as well as security codes to combat counterfeiting. This demonstration extends the optical multiplexing capability by adding the temporal dimension of luminescent signals, opening new opportunities in the life sciences, medicine and data security.
Rights: Copyright © 2013, Rights Managed by Nature Publishing Group
DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2013.322
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