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|Title:||Development of a new approach for hydraulic fracturing in tight sand with pre-existing natural fractures|
|Citation:||APPEA Journal, 2016; 56:225-238|
|Publisher:||Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association|
|K. Pokalai, D. Kulikowski, R.L. Johnson, Jr., M. Haghighi and D. Cooke|
|Abstract:||Hydraulic fracturing in tight gas reservoirs has been performed in the Cooper Basin for decades in reservoirs containing high stress and pre-existing natural fractures, especially near faults. The hydraulic fracture is affected by factors such as tortuosity, high entry pressures, and the rock fabric including natural fractures. These factors cause fracture plane rotation and complexities, leading to fracture disconnection or reduced proppant placement during the treatment. In this paper, rock properties are estimated for a targeted formation using well logs to create a geomechanical model. Natural fracture and stress azimuths within the interval were interpreted from borehole image logs. The image log interpretations inferred that fissures are oriented 30–60° relative to the maximum horizontal stress. Next, diagnostic fracture injection test (DFIT) data was used with the poro-elastic stress equations to predict tectonic strains. Finally, the geomechanical model was history-matched with a planar 3D hydraulic fracturing simulator, and gave more insight into fracture propagation in an environment of pre-existing natural fractures. The natural fracture azimuths and calibrated geomechanical model are input into a framework to evaluate varying scenarios that might result based on a vertical or inclined well design. A well design is proposed based on the natural fracture orientation relative to the hydraulic fracture that minimises complexity to optimise proppant placement. In addition, further models and diagnostics are proposed to aid predicting the hydraulically induced fracture geometry, its impact on gas production, and optimising wellbore trajectory to positively interact with pre-existing natural fractures.|
|Keywords:||Tight gas; Cooper Basin; hydraulic fracturing; pre-existing natural fractures; rock mechanical model|
|Description:||DVD-ROM produced by: Media Dynamics|
|Rights:||Copyright status unknown|
|Appears in Collections:||Australian School of Petroleum publications|
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