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|Title:||Transcranial Doppler assessment of the lower cerebral autoregulatory threshold|
|Citation:||Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 1999; 6(1):42-45|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCI LTD|
|Abstract:||Continuous transcranial Doppler ultrasonography of the middle cerebral artery (TCD-MCA) has been proposed as a method of identifying the lower cerebral autoregulatory threshold. This study investigated the relationship between continuous TCD-MCA and cerebral blood flow (CBF) in sheep. Arterial blood pressure, intracranial pressure, CBF and left TCD-MCA were measured in 12 anaesthetized and ventilated merino sheep. Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) was reduced by haemorrhagic hypotension. Measurements were recorded continuously and breakpoint thresholds calculated by an analysis of variance. The TCD-MCA systolic velocity breakpoint (50 +/- 1.5 mmHg) did not significantly differ from the lower limit of autoregulation, identified by the CBF breakpoint (50 +/- 1.8 mmHg). The TCD-MCA diastolic velocity breakpoint occurred at a significantly higher level of CPP (64 +/- 2 mmHg) (P < 0.01). The relationship between TCD-MCA flow velocity and CBF thresholds has been described. Early divergence of flow velocity may represent a compensatory mechanism to maintain CBF.|
|Appears in Collections:||Surgery publications|
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