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Type: Journal article
Title: 3D seismic analysis of complex faulting patterns above the Snapper Field, Gippsland Basin: implications for CO₂ storage
Other Titles: 3D seismic analysis of complex faulting patterns above the Snapper Field, Gippsland Basin: implications for CO2 storage
Author: Swierczek, E.
Backe, G.
Holford, S.
Tenthorey, E.
Mitchell, A.
Citation: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 2015; 62(1):77-94
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 0812-0099
Statement of
E. Swierczek, G. Backe, S. P. Holford, E. Tenthorey and A. Mitchell
Abstract: Mechanical damage (e.g. faults and fractures) related to tectonic forces and/or variations in formation pore pressures may enable the leakage of fluids through otherwise effective seal rocks. Characterisation of faults and fractures within seals is therefore essential for the assessment of long-term trap integrity in potential CO2 storage sites. 3D seismic reflection data are used to describe a previously unrecognised network of extensive, small Miocene-age faults with displacement of generally <30 m and lengths that vary between ∼300 and 2500 m above the Snapper Field, in the Gippsland Basin. The Snapper Field is a nearly depleted oil and gas field that presents an attractive site for potential CO2 storage due its structural closure and because it has effectively retained significant natural hydrocarbon (including CO2) columns over geological time-scales. Volume-based seismic attributes reveal that this fault system is located within the Oligocene Lakes Entrance Formation of the Seaspray Group, which acts as the regional seal to the Latrobe Group reservoirs in the Gippsland Basin. Detailed analysis of fault lengths and linkages suggests that the Miocene faults are non-tectonic, polygonal faults, although the displacement analysis of fault segments reveals strong correlations with the both the structure of the underlying Top Latrobe surface and normal faults that segment the Latrobe Group reservoirs, suggesting that the development of this fault system has been influenced by underlying structures. The geological evidence for long-term retention of hydrocarbons within the Snapper Field suggests that this fault system has not compromised the integrity of the Lakes Entrance Formation seal, although elevated pore pressures during CO2 injection could potentially lead to reactivation of these structures.
Keywords: Gippsland Basin; Snapper Field; polygonal faults; structural characterisation; seismic attributes; carbon capture and storage
Rights: © 2014 Geological Society of Australia
DOI: 10.1080/08120099.2015.978373
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 3
Australian School of Petroleum publications

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