Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/10254
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Type: Journal article
Title: Looking back to the advent of modern endoscopy. The 150th birthday of Maximilian Nitze
Author: Mouton, W.
Bessell, J.
Maddern, G.
Citation: World Journal of Surgery, 1998; 22(12):1256-1258
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG
Issue Date: 1998
ISSN: 0364-2313
1432-2323
Abstract: This year, 1998, marks the 150th anniversary of the birthday of Maximilian Nitze (1848-1906), a German scientist responsible for the initiation of modern endoscopy: He integrated two of his ideas in the construction of the first functional cystoscope. Nitze realized that the field of view during endoscopy could be enlarged by the use of an optical system, and that the light source should be placed on the tip of the instrument. He presented this cystoscope on October 2, 1877 for the first time, at age 28 years.
Keywords: Cystoscopy; Endoscopes; Cystoscopes; History, 19th Century; History, 20th Century; Germany
RMID: 0030004557
DOI: 10.1007/s002689900555
Appears in Collections:Surgery publications

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