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Type: Journal article
Title: Looking back to the advent of modern endoscopy. The 150th birthday of Maximilian Nitze
Author: Mouton, W.
Bessell, J.
Maddern, G.
Citation: World Journal of Surgery, 1998; 22(12):1256-1258
Issue Date: 1998
ISSN: 0364-2313
Abstract: This year, 1998, marks the 150th anniversary of the birthday of Maximilian Nitze (1848-1906), a German scientist responsible for the initiation of modern endoscopy: He integrated two of his ideas in the construction of the first functional cystoscope. Nitze realized that the field of view during endoscopy could be enlarged by the use of an optical system, and that the light source should be placed on the tip of the instrument. He presented this cystoscope on October 2, 1877 for the first time, at age 28 years.
Keywords: Cystoscopy
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
DOI: 10.1007/s002689900555
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 2
Surgery publications

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