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Type: Journal article
Title: Investigation of the cell surface proteome of human periodontal ligament stem cells
Author: Xiong, J.
Menicanin, D.
Zilm, P.
Marino, V.
Bartold, P.
Gronthos, S.
Citation: Stem Cells International, 2016; 2016:1947157-1-1947157-13
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 1687-966X
Statement of
Jimin Xiong, Danijela Menicanin, Peter S. Zilm, Victor Marino, P. Mark Bartold and Stan Gronthos
Abstract: The present study examined the cell surface proteome of human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSC) compared to human fibroblasts. Cell surface proteins were prelabelled with CyDye before processing to extract the membrane lysates, which were separated using 2D electrophoresis. Selected differentially expressed protein “spots” were identified usingMass spectrometry. Four proteins were selected for validation: CD73, CD90, Annexin A2, and sphingosine kinase 1 previously associated withmesenchymal stem cells. Flowcytometric analysis found thatCD73 and CD90were highly expressed by human PDLSC and gingival fibroblasts but not by keratinocytes, indicating that these antigens could be used as potentialmarkers for distinguishing between mesenchymal cells and epithelial cell populations.AnnexinA2was also found to be expressed at lowcopy number on the cell surface of humanPDLSC and gingival fibroblasts, while human keratinocytes lacked any cell surface expression of Annexin A2. In contrast, sphingosine kinase 1 expression was detected in all the cell types examined using immunocytochemical analysis. These proteomic studies form the foundation to further define the cell surface protein expression profile of PDLSC in order to better characterise this cell population and help develop novel strategies for the purification of this stem cell population.
Rights: Copyright © 2016 Jimin Xiong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
RMID: 0030053951
DOI: 10.1155/2016/1947157
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Appears in Collections:Dentistry publications

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