Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/103417
Type: Thesis
Title: Hidden disability: Speech intelligibility and stereotypes of the hearing-impaired
Author: Asimakopoulos, Angela
Issue Date: 2016
School/Discipline: School of Psychology
Abstract: Although there is a large amount of literature examining the negative stereotyping of people with various kinds of disabilities, few studies have researched stereotypes associated with the hearing-impaired. Hearing-impaired individuals have often been marginalised from society and treated as “outsiders”. The hearing-impaired often display complications in producing speech with quality and clarity, eliciting speech comprehension difficulties, thus making them more susceptible to negative attitudes and stereotyping. Speech intelligibility (SI) refers to the degree of speech that can be comprehended by a listener, with low-SI linked to unfavourable perceptions. The present study aimed to examine hearing-impaired stereotypes made by hearing-persons under low SI and high SI conditions using Fiske and colleagues’ (2002) ‘Stereotype Content Model’ (SCM) dimensions of competence and warmth. The sample comprised of N= 130 undergraduate university students who were randomly assigned an audio interview (high or low SI condition) and then asked to complete several survey items. Competence stereotypes were found to significantly differ between SI conditions, with higher competence for the high-SI condition. Prior contact and levels were considered an important factor contributing to stereotype formation, but actually contributed towards more positive attitudes towards the deaf. Although primarily positive attitudes towards the hearing-impaired were found in the sample, no significant gender differences were uncovered. The social and interactional implications for hearing-impaired persons such as the use of hearing aids offering auditory amplification and its links with SI were discussed. Finally, limitations of the present research posed several questions for future research to address.
Dissertation Note: Thesis (B.Sc.(Hons)) -- University of Adelaide, School of Psychology, 2016
Keywords: Honours; Psychology
Description: This item is only available electronically.
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the author of this thesis and do not wish it to be made publicly available, or you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/legals
Appears in Collections:School of Psychology

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
01frontPsychHon.pdf359.59 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.