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Type: Theses
Title: A study of absorption and scattering of microwaves by dielectric scatterers such as insects: with application to MIMO radar for imaging termites and UAV imaging MIMO radar and an investigation of modes without cutoff, open waveguides and artificial dielectrics
Author: Rankin, Gerard Anthony
Issue Date: 2016
School/Discipline: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Abstract: The application of radar to the detection of termites and the imaging of their activity in-situ poses many challenges. Insects such as termites and ants are dielectric scatterers with large values of refractive index and absorption at microwave and millimeter wave frequencies, and radar sensing in-situ is performed through building materials which have widely varying losses and anisotropies. The research presented in this thesis seeks to understand the phenomena of absorption and scattering from dielectric scatterers such as termites, and to design a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) imaging radar for detecting and imaging termite activity based on that understanding. The investigation undertaken here comprises theoretical, numerical and experimental studies, and demonstrates the possibility of not only the detection and imaging of termite activity, but also the possibility of the provocation and control of termites using suitable millimeter and sub-millimeter waves wave emissions. This thesis also presents the design and experimental testing of a novel wave guiding structure consisting of an open waveguide with an artificial dielectric coating supporting the HE₁₁ mode, a mode which is inherently broadband, and which could be used to provide a millimeter wave stimulus directly to a termite. This guiding structure has the potential to deliver millimeter waves through the skin more efficiently than other techniques, and has possible applications to millimeter wave therapeutic treatments including acupuncture. Finally, this thesis presents research on the design of an imaging MIMO radar for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), where target and platform velocities are very much greater than those observed in detecting and imaging termite activity. This investigation shows that small Kasami, Kamaletdinov construction 2 and Moreno-Tirkel Family B sequence families have properties which make them suitable candidates for the sequences for high resolution imaging MIMO radar, though the Kamaletdinov construction 2 and Moreno-Tirkel Family B sequence families are the superior of the three. These results have application to a wide range of problems in imaging radar such as through-the-wall radar, medical imaging, security screening and non-destructive testing.
Advisor: Tirkel, Andrew
Bates, Bevan Douglas
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 2016.
Keywords: absorption
dielectric scatterer
imaging MIMO radar
open waveguides
artificial dielectric
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
DOI: 10.4225/55/58af72550faed
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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