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|Title:||Recent advances in inorganic heterogeneous electrocatalysts for reduction of carbon dioxide|
|Citation:||Advanced Materials, 2016; 28(18):3423-3452|
|Dong Dong Zhu, Jin Long Liu, Shi Zhang Qiao|
|Abstract:||In view of the climate changes caused by the continuously rising levels of atmospheric CO2 , advanced technologies associated with CO2 conversion are highly desirable. In recent decades, electrochemical reduction of CO2 has been extensively studied since it can reduce CO2 to value-added chemicals and fuels. Considering the sluggish reaction kinetics of the CO2 molecule, efficient and robust electrocatalysts are required to promote this conversion reaction. Here, recent progress and opportunities in inorganic heterogeneous electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction are discussed, from the viewpoint of both experimental and computational aspects. Based on elemental composition, the inorganic catalysts presented here are classified into four groups: metals, transition-metal oxides, transition-metal chalcogenides, and carbon-based materials. However, despite encouraging accomplishments made in this area, substantial advances in CO2 electrolysis are still needed to meet the criteria for practical applications. Therefore, in the last part, several promising strategies, including surface engineering, chemical modification, nanostructured catalysts, and composite materials, are proposed to facilitate the future development of CO2 electroreduction.|
|Keywords:||CO2 reduction; electrochemistry; heterogeneous catalysis; inorganic materials|
|Rights:||© 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim|
|Appears in Collections:||Physics publications|
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