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Type: Journal article
Title: Resistance to daunorubicin-induced apoptosis is not completely reversed in CML blast cells by STI571
Author: Tabrizi, R.
Mahon, F.
Makhoul, P.
Lagarde, V.
Lacombe, F.
Berthaud, P.
Melo, J.
Reiffers, J.
Belloc, F.
Citation: Leukemia, 2002; 16(6):1154-1159
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Issue Date: 2002
ISSN: 0887-6924
Statement of
R Tabrizi, FX Mahon, P Cony Makhoul, V Lagarde, F Lacombe, P Berthaud, JV Melo, J Reiffers and F Belloc
Abstract: The leukemogenic property of BCR-ABL in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is critically dependent on its protein tyrosine kinase activity. STI571 inhibits the BCR-ABL kinase activity, the growth and the viability of BCR-ABL expressing cells. In this study, we report the apoptotic effect of STI571 in combination with daunorubicin (DNR) on peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 11 CML patients and four BCR-ABL-positive cell lines: AR230, LAMA84, K562 and KCL22. Primary blast cells were identified by flow cytometry on the basis of their low CD45 expression. Nucleus fragmentation, exposure of phosphatidylserines and decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential were measured using acridine orange, FITC-annexin V and DiOC6(3), respectively, to evaluate apoptosis. On cell lines, the effect of DNR was negligible, whereas STI571 induced 10 to 35% of apoptosis in 18 h. STI571 sensitized AR230, LAMA84 and K562 cells to DNR when apoptosis was measured at the mitochondrial and membrane but not the nuclear levels. On CML blast cells, phosphatidyl serine exposure was significantly induced by both DNR and STI571 and was higher when these drugs were used in combination (P < 0.0003). However, the effects of this drug combination were only additive and no sensitization of blast cells to DNR by STI571 was observed. Interestingly, sensitization was evidenced in CML but not normal lymphocytes. These results suggest that other mechanisms additional to Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase activity could be responsible for DNR resistance, and further investigations are needed to understand its origin.
Keywords: Chronic myeloid leukemia; STI571; BCR-ABL; drug resistance; daunorubicin
Rights: © 2002 Nature Publishing Group All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1038/sj/leu/2402498a
Published version: http://www.nature/leu/journal/v16/n6/full/2402498a.html
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