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Type: Journal article
Title: Fossil leaves of Banksia, Banksieae and pretenders: resolving the fossil genus Banksieaephyllum
Author: Carpenter, R.
Jordan, G.
Hill, R.
Citation: Australian Systematic Botany, 2016; 29(2):126-141
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 1030-1887
Statement of
Raymond J. Carpenter, Gregory J. Jordan and Robert S. Hill
Abstract: The genus Banksieaephyllum, originally erected for cuticle-bearing fossil leaves of subtribe Banksiinae (Proteaceae subfamily Grevilleoideae, tribe Banksieae), is reassessed. Of the 18 described species, nine are accepted within Banksia, including Banksieaephyllum obovatum Cookson&Duigan, which is synonymised with B. laeve Cookson& Duigan on the basis of new cuticular preparations. Two other species are transferred to Banksieaefolia gen. nov., a genus erected for Banksieae of uncertain affinities, and which presently includes only fossils that probably belong to subtribe Musgraveinae. The seven other Banksieaephyllum species lack definitive characters of Proteaceae (i.e. brachyparacytic stomata and annular trichome bases) and do not have Banksieae-type cylindrical trichome bases. These species are, therefore, not accepted as Proteaceae and are transferred to Pseudobanksia gen. nov., together with another fossil Banksia-like leaf species, Phyllites yallournensis Cookson & Duigan. Lectotypes are chosen for Banksia fastigata H.Deane, Banksieaephyllum acuminatum Cookson & Duigan, Banksieaephyllum angustum Cookson & Duigan and Banksieaephyllum laeve Cookson & Duigan. Implications arising from the re-assessment of Banksieaephyllum include clarification of biome conservatism in Banksieae; Banksia has long had an association with relatively open, sclerophyllous vegetation, and Musgraveinae with rainforest. Pseudobanksia and Banksia share convergent traits, but in contrast to Banksia, Pseudobanksia failed to survive the drying climates and increased fire-frequencies of the Neogene.
Rights: Journal compilation © CSIRO 2016
DOI: 10.1071/SB16005
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 8
Ecology, Evolution and Landscape Science publications

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