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Type: Journal article
Title: Plastid genomes reveal support for deep phylogenetic relationships and extensive rate variation among palms and other commelinid monocots
Author: Barrett, C.
Baker, W.
Comer, J.
Conran, J.
Lahmeyer, S.
Leebens-Mack, J.
Li, J.
Lim, G.
Mayfield-Jones, D.
Perez, L.
Medina, J.
Pires, J.
Santos, C.
Stevenson, D.
Zomlefer, W.
Davis, J.
Citation: New Phytologist, 2016; 209(2):855-870
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 0028-646X
Statement of
Craig F. Barrett, William J. Baker, Jason R. Comer, John G. Conran, Sean C. Lahmeyer, James H. Leebens-Mack, Jeff Li, Gwynne S. Lim, Dustin R. Mayfield-Jones, Leticia Perez, Jesus Medina, J. Chris Pires, Cristian Santos, Dennis Wm. Stevenson, Wendy B. Zomlefer and Jerrold I. Davis
Abstract: Despite progress based on multi-locus, phylogenetic studies of the palms (order Arecales, family Arecaceae), uncertainty remains in resolution/support among major clades and for the placement of the palms among the commelinid monocots. Palms and related commelinids represent a classic case of substitution rate heterogeneity that has not been investigated in the genomic era. To address questions of relationships, support, and rate variation among palms and commelinid relatives, 39 plastomes representing the palms and related family Dasypogonaceae were generated via genome skimming and integrated within a monocot-wide matrix for phylogenetic and molecular evolutionary analyses. Support was strong for ‘deep’ relationships among the commelinid orders, among the five palm subfamilies, and among tribes of subfamily Coryphoideae. Additionally, there is extreme heterogeneity in plastid substitution rates across the commelinid orders indicated by model based analyses, with approximately 22 rate shifts, and significant departure from a global clock. To date, this study represents the most comprehensively sampled matrix of plastomes assembled for monocot angiosperms, providing genome-scale support for phylogenetic relationships of monocot angiosperms, and lays the phylogenetic groundwork for comparative analyses of the drivers and correlates of such drastic differences in substitution rates across a diverse and significant clade.
Keywords: Arecaceae; chloroplast; Palmae; phylogenomics; plastome; Poaceae; rate heterogeneity
Rights: © 2015 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2015 New Phytologist Trust
DOI: 10.1111/nph.13617
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