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|Title:||Petrogenesis and tectonic significance of an early Palaeozoic mafic-intermediate suite of rocks from the Central Tianshan, northwest China|
|Citation:||International Geology Review, 2013; 55(5):548-573|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Xuxuan Ma , Liangshu Shu , M. Santosh, Jinyi Li|
|Abstract:||We report petrologic, geochemical, and zircon U−Pb and Hf isotope data from an early Palaeozoic mafic-intermediate suite of rocks in Baluntai, heartland of the Central Tianshan. Analysed major elements of the intermediate rocks show a close affinity to metaluminous I-type granitoids, resembling arc plutons. The mafic rocks display depletions of Nb, Ta, and Ti typical of volcanic arc basalts (VAB). All of the samples fall within the subduction-related field in tectonic discrimination diagrams. Zircons from a granodiorite and a hornblende diorite yield indistinguishable crystallization ages of 475.1 ± 1.7 million years and 473.7 ± 1.6 Ma, indicating an early Palaeozoic magmatic event. Zircons in the mafic rocks yield younger crystallization ages of 427 ± 1 Ma and 426.5 ± 1.4 Ma. Combined with previous published results, our data suggest that the southward subduction of the Palaeo-Tianshan oceanic crust beneath the northern margin of the Tarim block probably began no later than Early Ordovician time and did not end prior to the middle Silurian. Zircons from the granodiorite and hornblende diorite show ϵHf(t) values of −11.19 to −5.98 and −12.85 to −6.01, respectively, suggesting the reworking of ancient crust. Correspondingly, these zircons yield two T DM2 age ranges: 2140–1812 Ma and 2241–1812 Ma, probably representing a significant episode of juvenile addition during the assembly of Columbia. In contrast, zircons from the mafic rocks yield ϵHf(t) values of 3.12–8.91 and 3.19–8.76, corresponding to the T DM1 ages ranging from 911 to 685 Ma and from 905 to 688 Ma, respectively, suggesting crustal growth in the Central Tianshan microcontinent associated with the initial break-up of Rodinia.|
|Rights:||© 2013 Taylor & Francis|
|Appears in Collections:||Geology & Geophysics publications|
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