Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/105158
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Type: Journal article
Title: EB Ford revisited: assessing the long-term stability of wing-spot patterns and population genetic structure of the meadow brown butterfly on the Isles of Scilly.
Author: Baxter, S.
Hoffman, J.
Tregenza, T.
Wedell, N.
Hosken, D.
Citation: Heredity, 2017; 118(4):322-329
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group for The Genetics Society
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 0018-067X
1365-2540
Statement of
Responsibility: 
SW Baxter, JI Hoffman, T Tregenza, N Wedell and DJ Hosken
Abstract: Understanding selection in the wild remains a major aim of evolutionary ecology and work by Ford and colleagues on the meadow brown butterfly Maniola jurtina did much to ignite this agenda. A great deal of their work was conducted during the 1950s on the Isles of Scilly. They documented island-specific wing-spot patterns that remained consistent over about a decade, but patterns on some islands changed after environmental perturbation. It was suggested that these wing-spot patterns reflected island-specific selection and that there was little migration between islands. However, genetic studies to test the underlying assumption of restricted migration are lacking and it is also unknown whether the originally described wing-spot patterns have persisted over time. We therefore collected female butterflies from five of Ford’s original study locations, including three large islands (St Mary’s, St Martin’s and Tresco) and two small islands (Tean and St Helen’s). Wing-spot patterns had not changed appreciably over time on three of the islands (two large and one small), but were significantly different on the other two. Furthermore, analysis of 176 amplified fragment length polymorphisms revealed significant genome-wide differentiation among the five islands. Our findings are consistent with Ford’s conclusions that despite the close proximity of these islands, there is restricted gene flow among them.
Keywords: Animals
Butterflies
Pigmentation
Genetics, Population
Models, Genetic
Female
Gene Flow
Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis
Biological Evolution
Islands
Wings, Animal
United Kingdom
Rights: © The Author(s) 2017. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission fromthe license holder to reproduce thematerial. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bync- sa/4.0/
DOI: 10.1038/hdy.2016.94
Grant ID: ARC
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 3
Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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