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Type: Journal article
Title: The Australasian diabetes data network: first national audit of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes
Author: Phelan, H.
Clapin, H.
Bruns, L.
Cameron, F.
Cotterill, A.
Couper, J.
Davis, E.
Donaghue, K.
Jefferies, C.
King, B.
Sinnott, R.
Tham, E.
Wales, J.
Jones, T.
Craig, M.
Citation: Medical Journal of Australia, 2017; 206(3):121-125
Publisher: Australasian Medical Publishing Company
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 0025-729X
Statement of
Helen Phelan, Helen Clapin, Loren Bruns, Fergus J Cameron, Andrew M Cotterill, Jennifer J Couper, Elizabeth A Davis, Kim C Donaghue, Craig A Jefferies, Bruce R King, Richard O Sinnott, Elaine B Tham, Jerry K Wales, Timothy W Jones, Maria E Craig
Abstract: Objectives: To assess glycaemic control, anthropometry and insulin regimens in a national sample of Australian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Design: Cross-sectional analysis of de-identified, prospectively collected data from the Australasian Diabetes Data Network (ADDN) registry. Setting: Five paediatric diabetes centres in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia. Participants: Children and adolescents (aged 18 years or under) with type 1 diabetes of at least 12 months’ duration for whom data were added to the ADDN registry during 2015. Main outcome measures: Glycaemic control was assessed by measuring haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels. Body mass index standard deviation scores (BMI-SDS) were calculated according to the CDC-2000 reference; overweight and obesity were defined by International Obesity Task Force guidelines. Insulin regimens were classified as twice-daily injections (BD), multiple daily injections (MDI; at least three injection times per day), or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). Results: The mean age of the 3279 participants was 12.8 years (SD, 3.7), mean diabetes duration was 5.7 years (SD, 3.7), and mean HbA1c level 67 mmol/mol (SD, 15); only 27% achieved the national HbA1c target of less than 58 mmol/mol. The mean HbA1c level was lower in children under 6 (63 mmol/mol) than in adolescents (14e18 years; 69 mmol/mol). Mean BMI-SDS for all participants was 0.6 (SD, 0.9); 33% of the participants were overweight or obese. 44% were treated with CSII, 38% with MDI, 18% with BD. Conclusions: Most Australian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes are not meeting the recognised HbA1c target. The prevalence of overweight and obesity is high. There is an urgent need to identify barriers to achieving optimal glycaemic control in this population.
Keywords: Blood Glucose
Rights: © 2017 AMPCo Pty Ltd. Produced with Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.5694/mja16.00737
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