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Type: Journal article
Title: A long-term evaluation of the stage of change approach and compensable injury outcomes-a cluster-randomised trial
Author: Rothmore, P.
Aylward, P.
Gray, J.
Karnon, J.
Citation: Ergonomics: an international journal of research and practice in human factors and ergonomics, 2017; 60(5):628-635
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 0014-0139
Statement of
Paul Rothmore, Paul Aylward, Jodi Gray and Jonathan Karnon
Abstract: This study investigated the long-term injury outcomes for workers in companies from a range of industries which had been randomly allocated to receive ergonomics interventions tailored according to the stage of change (SOC) approach or standard ergonomics advice. Differences in compensable injury outcomes between the groups were analysed using logistic regression models. Questionnaire results from face-to-face interviews to assess musculoskeletal pain and discomfort (MSPD), job satisfaction and other factors were also analysed. Although not significant at the 0.05 level, after adjusting for workgroup clustering, workers in receipt of tailored advice were 55% (OR = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.19-1.08) less likely to report a compensable injury than those in receipt of standard ergonomics advice. Workload, job satisfaction and MSPD were significantly correlated with injury outcomes. The observed outcomes support the potential value of the SOC approach, as well as highlighting the need to consider workload, job satisfaction and MSPD when planning injury prevention programmes. Practitioner Summary: This study investigated compensable injury outcomes for workers who had received ergonomics advice tailored according to the stage of change (SOC) approach compared with standard ergonomics advice. The results support the potential value of the SOC approach and highlight the need to consider workload, job satisfaction and musculoskeletal pain and discomfort when planning injury prevention interventions.
Keywords: Stage of change
ergonomics tools and methods
intervention effectiveness
musculoskeletal disorders
Rights: © 2016 informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
DOI: 10.1080/00140139.2016.1199816
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