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|Analytical modelling of two-phase multi-component flow in porous media with dissipative and non-equilibrium effects
|Australian School of Petroleum
|Hereby I present a PhD thesis by publications. The thesis includes five journal papers, of which two have already been published and three have been submitted for publication and are presently under review. The journals include high-impact-factor ones (Water Resources Research, Applied Mathematics Letters and Transport in Porous Media), and also Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, which is a major academic journal in petroleum industry. The thesis develops a new version of so-called splitting theory. The current 2006- version of the theory encompasses analytical modelling of thermodynamicallyequilibrium conservation law systems for two-phase multicomponent flow in porous media. The theory allows the derivation of numerous analytical solutions. The thesis generalizes the splitting method and applies it for flow systems with dissipation, nonequilibrium phase transitions and chemical reactions. It is shown how the general n×n system is split into an (n-1)×(n-1) auxiliary system and one scalar lifting equation. The auxiliary system contains thermodynamic parameters only, while the lifting equation contains transport properties and solves for phase saturation. First application of the splitting method is developed for low-salinity waterflooding. Two major effects are accounted for: the wettability alternation and the induction of fines migration, straining and attachment. One-dimensional (1D) problems of sequential injection of high-salinity water slug, low salinity water slug and high-salinity water chase drive corresponds to one of the most promising modern processes of Enhanced Oil Recovery, which currently is under intensive investigation in major world oil companies. Both auxiliary and lifting problems allow for exact solutions. The exact analytical solution consists of implicit formulae for profiles of phase saturations, salinity and fine particle concentrations. The exact solution allows for deriving explicit formulae in oil recovery. The solution permits the comparative study of the impact of both effects, which are the wettability alternation and the induction of fines migration, on incremental recovery. It was found out that both effects are significant for typical values of the physics constants. The exact solution allows for multi-variant study to optimize the injected water composition in a concrete oilfield. The second application of the splitting method corresponds to 1D displacement of oil by a low-salinity polymer slug followed by a low-salinity water slug and, finally, high salinity water chase drive. This problem corresponds to the Enhanced Oil Recovery Method that merges two traditional methods of polymer- and low-salinity water-floods. The exact analytical solutions are the result of the splitting system. The method was also generalized for the case of several low-salinity slugs and Non- Newtonian properties of the polymer solution. The exact solution yields explicit formulae for propagation of saturation and concentration shocks, dynamics of different flow zones and explicit formulae for incremental oil recovery. The analytical model developed allows optimizing polymer concentration and its slug size, salinity concentration and sizes of slugs for secondary and tertiary oil recovery. The third application of the new splitting method is oil displacement by suspensions and colloids of solid micro particles. The injection of one suspension or colloid with multiple particle capture mechanisms is assumed. The novelty of this work is considering numerous particle capture mechanisms and kinetic equations for the capture rates, which do not have a conservation law type. However, the system is susceptible for splitting by the introduction of Lagrangian co-ordinate and using it instead of time as an independent variable in the general system of Partial Differential Equations (PDEs). Introduction of the concentration potential linked with retention concentrations yields an exact solution for auxiliary problem. The exact formulae allow predicting the profiles and breakthrough histories for the suspended and retained concentrations and phase saturations. It also allows the calculation of penetration depth. The analytical models derived in the thesis are applicable also in numerous environmental and chemical engineering processes, including the disposal of industrial wastes in aquifers with propagation of contaminants and pollutants, industrial water treatment, injection of hot- or low-salinity water into aquifers and water injection into geothermal reservoirs.
Roberts, Anthony John
|Thesis (Ph.D.) (Research by Publication) -- University of Adelaide, Australian School of Petroleum, 2016.
Research by Publication
|This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/legals
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