Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/106627
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Type: Journal article
Title: Prograde and retrograde growth of monazite in migmatites: an example from the Nagercoil Block, southern India
Author: Johnson, T.
Clark, C.
Taylor, R.
Santosh, M.
Collins, A.
Citation: Geoscience Frontiers, 2015; 6(3):373-387
Publisher: China University of Geosciences (Beijing) and Peking University
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 1674-9871
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Tim E. Johnson, Chris Clark, Richard J.M. Taylor, M. Santosh, Alan S. Collins
Abstract: Data from a migmatised metapelite raft enclosed within charnockite provide quantitative constraints on the pressure–temperature–time (P–T–t) evolution of the Nagercoil Block at the southernmost tip of peninsular India. An inferred peak metamorphic assemblage of garnet, K-feldspar, sillimanite, plagioclase, magnetite, ilmenite, spinel and melt is consistent with peak metamorphic pressures of 6–8 kbar and temperatures in excess of 900 °C. Subsequent growth of cordierite and biotite record high-temperature retrograde decompression to around 5 kbar and 800 °C. SHRIMP U–Pb dating of magmatic zircon cores suggests that the sedimentary protoliths were in part derived from felsic igneous rocks with Palaeoproterozoic crystallisation ages. New growth of metamorphic zircon on the rims of detrital grains constrains the onset of melt crystallisation, and the minimum age of the metamorphic peak, to around 560 Ma. The data suggest two stages of monazite growth. The first generation of REE-enriched monazite grew during partial melting along the prograde path at around 570 Ma via the incongruent breakdown of apatite. Relatively REE-depleted rims, which have a pronounced negative europium anomaly, grew during melt crystallisation along the retrograde path at around 535 Ma. Our data show the rocks remained at suprasolidus temperatures for at least 35 million years and probably much longer, supporting a long-lived high-grade metamorphic history. The metamorphic conditions, timing and duration of the implied clockwise P–T–t path are similar to that previously established for other regions in peninsular India during the Ediacaran to Cambrian assembly of that part of the Gondwanan supercontinent.
Keywords: Monazite; migmatite; zircon; geochronology; phase equilibria modelling; Gondwana
Description: Available online 27 December 2014
Rights: © 2014, China University of Geosciences (Beijing) and Peking University. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
RMID: 0030024261
DOI: 10.1016/j.gsf.2014.12.003
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP0879330
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DE120103067
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FT120100340
Appears in Collections:Geology & Geophysics publications

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