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Type: Journal article
Title: The illegal wildlife trade is a likely source of alien species
Author: García-Díaz, P.
Ross, J.
Woolnough, A.
Cassey, P.
Citation: Conservation Letters, 2017; 10(6):690-698
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 1755-263X
Statement of
Pablo García-Díaz, Joshua V. Ross, Andrew P. Woolnough, and Phillip Cassey
Abstract: The illegal wildlife trade is driving biodiversity declines worldwide, yet its role in transporting alien species with a high likelihood of establishment is seldom considered. We demonstrate the threat posed by the illegal reptile trade in Australia. We modeled the establishment success of alien reptiles in Australia, revealing the importance of both minimum number of release events and the body length of the species. Using our model, we screened 28 alien reptiles illegally traded in Victoria, Australia. Establishment risk varied widely across species, and a whole-pathway analysis revealed that 5 out of the 28 species (17.9%) are likely to become established if released. The global dimension of the illegal wildlife trade calls for a tight transnational collaboration, via multilateral cooperation agreements arranging the share of resources. Complementary to this, we encourage conducting campaigns to raise public awareness about the risk and legal consequences of participating in the wildlife black market.
Keywords: Alien reptile; Australia; establishment success; multilateral cooperation; propagule pressure; risk management; transport pathway
Rights: © 2016 The Authors. Conservation Letters published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
RMID: 0030059159
DOI: 10.1111/conl.12301
Grant ID:
Appears in Collections:Environment Institute publications

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