Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/107043
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Type: Journal article
Title: Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago
Author: Clarkson, C.
Jacobs, Z.
Marwick, B.
Fullagar, R.
Wallis, L.
Smith, M.
Roberts, R.
Hayes, E.
Lowe, K.
Carah, X.
Florin, S.
McNeil, J.
Cox, D.
Arnold, L.
Hua, Q.
Huntley, J.
Brand, H.
Manne, T.
Fairbairn, A.
Shulmeister, J.
et al.
Citation: Nature, 2017; 547(7663):306-310
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 0028-0836
1476-4687
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Chris Clarkson ... Lee J. Arnold ... et al.
Abstract: The time of arrival of people in Australia is an unresolved question. It is relevant to debates about when modern humans first dispersed out of Africa and when their descendants incorporated genetic material from Neanderthals, Denisovans and possibly other hominins. Humans have also been implicated in the extinction of Australia's megafauna. Here we report the results of new excavations conducted at Madjedbebe, a rock shelter in northern Australia. Artefacts in primary depositional context are concentrated in three dense bands, with the stratigraphic integrity of the deposit demonstrated by artefact refits and by optical dating and other analyses of the sediments. Human occupation began around 65,000 years ago, with a distinctive stone tool assemblage including grinding stones, ground ochres, reflective additives and ground-edge hatchet heads. This evidence sets a new minimum age for the arrival of humans in Australia, the dispersal of modern humans out of Africa, and the subsequent interactions of modern humans with Neanderthals and Denisovans.
Keywords: Animals; Humans; Diet; Geologic Sediments; Fossils; History, Ancient; Africa; Australia; Neanderthals; Human Migration
Rights: © 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0030073428
DOI: 10.1038/nature22968
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP110102864
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FT140100101
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP1092843
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FT150100138
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FL130100116
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DE150101597
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FT130100195
Appears in Collections:Environment Institute publications

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