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|Title:||Cardiac left ventricle segmentation using convolutional neural network regression|
|Citation:||Proceedings of the IEEE EMBS Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES 2016), 2017 / pp.490-493|
|Series/Report no.:||IEEE EMBS Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences|
|Conference Name:||IEEE EMBS Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES 2016) (04 Dec 2016 - 08 Dec 2016 : Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA)|
|Li Kuo Tan, Yih Miin Liew, Einly Lim, Robert A. McLaughlin|
|Abstract:||Cardiac MRI is important for the diagnosis and assessment of various cardiovascular diseases. Automated segmentation of the left ventricular (LV) endocardium at enddiastole (ED) and end-systole (ES) enables automated quantification of various clinical parameters including ejection fraction. Neural networks have been used for general image segmentation, usually via per-pixel categorization e.g. “foreground” and “background”. In this paper we propose that the generally circular LV endocardium can be parameterized and the endocardial contour determined via neural network regression. We designed two convolutional neural networks (CNN), one for localization of the LV, and the other for determining the endocardial radius. We trained the networks against 100 datasets from the Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI) 2011 challenge, and tested the networks against 45 datasets from the MICCAI 2009 challenge. The networks achieved 0.88 average Dice metric, 2.30 mm average perpendicular distance, and 97.9% good contours, the latter being the highest published result to date. These results demonstrate that CNN regression is a viable and highly promising method for automated LV endocardial segmentation at ED and ES phases, and is capable of generalizing learning between highly distinct training and testing data sets.|
|Keywords:||Cardiac MRI; left ventricle; segmentation; neural network regression|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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