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|Title:||The international migration of dentists: directions for research and policy|
|Citation:||Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 2016; 44(4):301-312|
|Madhan Balasubramanian, David Simon Brennan, A. John Spencer and Stephanie Doris Short|
|Abstract:||In 2010, the World Health Organization Global Code of Practice for International Recruitment of Health Personnel (the WHO Code) was adopted by the 193 Member States of the WHO. The WHO Code is a tool for global diplomacy, providing a policy framework to address the challenges involved in managing dentist migration, as well as improving the retention of dental personnel in source countries. The WHO Code recognizes the importance of migrant dentist data to support migration polices; minimum data on the inflows, outflows and stock of dentists are vital. Data on reasons for dentist migration, job satisfaction, cultural adaptation issues, geographic distribution and practice patterns in the destination country are important for any policy analysis on dentist migration. Key challenges in the implementation of the WHO Code include the necessity to coordinate with multiple stakeholders and the lack of integrated data on dentist migration and the lack of shared understanding of the interrelatedness of workforce migration, needs and planning. The profession of dentistry also requires coordination with a number of private and nongovernmental organizations. Many migrant dentist source countries, in African and the South-Asian WHO Regions, are in the early stages of building capacity in dentist migration data collection and research systems. Due to these shortcomings, it is prudent that developed countries take the initiative to pursue further research into the migration issue and respond to this global challenge.|
|Keywords:||dentists; global organizations; health policy; international cooperation; migration|
|Rights:||© 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Dentistry publications|
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