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Type: Journal article
Title: Cinematic realism revisited: a Kantian perspective
Author: Gamble, D.
Citation: Journal of Philosophical Research, 2016; 41:499-526
Publisher: Philosophy Documentation Center
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 1053-8364
Statement of
Denise Gamble
Abstract: An anti-realist stance prevalent in philosophy of film, probably less familiar to analytical than continental philosophers, raises issues that are philosophically accessible and engaging. While this anti-realist stance can be historically situated many of its constituent ideas remain influential in contemporary milieus. A common claim of anti-realism is that realist art or cinema, in part by virtue of ‘reification', is inherently ‘non-transformative’. Without rigorously refuting all manifestations of the ‘reification thesis’, key assumptions of anti-realism associated with it are challenged in this paper. An aesthetic and a political-ideological anti-realist thesis are identified and critiqued. Kant’s distinction between ‘aesthetic’ and ‘mechanical art’ provides a basis for defending a form of cinematic realism that vindicates its potential transformative power. The Kantian framework provides a reference point for a comparative analysis of Brecht’s and Lukács’ views on anti-realism versus realism as well as for a favourable reconsideration of Andre Bazin’s cinematic realism.
Rights: © Philosophy Documentation Center
DOI: 10.5840/jpr20168986
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