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Type: Journal article
Title: Sex discrimination and female top managers: evidence from China
Author: Gao, H.
Lin, Y.
Ma, Y.
Citation: Journal of Business Ethics, 2016; 138(4):683-702
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 0167-4544
Statement of
Huasheng Gao, Yaheng Lin, Yujing Ma
Abstract: We examine whether sex discrimination contributes to the underrepresentation of female executives in large corporations. China’s strong cultural preference for sons has made newborn boys greatly outnumber newborn girls. Using the male-to-female sex ratio at birth as the proxy for discrimination against women, we find that firms headquartered in more discriminatory areas hire fewer female executives. Even conditional on a woman reaching an executive position, she faces a higher likelihood of dismissal and receives lower compensation than her male counterparts. Overall, our findings suggest that sex discrimination plays an important role in preventing women from climbing the corporate ladder.
Keywords: Sex discrimination; female executives; gender; sex ratio; executive compensation; turnover; China
Rights: © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015
DOI: 10.1007/s10551-015-2892-x
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 3
Economics publications

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