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Type: Journal article
Title: Firm ownership and productivity: a study of family and non-family SMEs
Author: Barbera, F.
Moores, K.
Citation: Small Business Economics, 2013; 40(4):953-976
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0921-898X
Statement of
Francesco Barbera, Ken Moores
Abstract: Motivated by a lack of consensus in the current literature, the objective of this paper is to reveal whether family firms are more or less productive than non-family firms. As a first step, this paper links family business research to the theoretical notion that family involvement has an effect on the factors of production from a productivity standpoint. Second, by using a Cobb–Douglas framework, we provide empirical evidence that family labour and capital indeed yield diverse output contributions compared with their non-family counterparts. In particular, family labour output contributions are significantly higher, and family capital output contributions significantly lower. Interestingly, differences in total factor productivity between family and non-family firms disappear when we allow for heterogeneous output contributions of family production inputs. These findings imply that the assumption of homogeneous labour and capital between family and non-family firms is inappropriate when estimating the production function.
Keywords: Heterogeneous input elasticity; family firm; Cobb-Douglas production function; total factor productivity
Rights: © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2011
RMID: 0030050417
DOI: 10.1007/s11187-011-9405-9
Appears in Collections:Economics publications

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