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Type: Journal article
Title: Extraction of light quark masses from sum rule analyses of axial vector and vector current Ward identities
Author: Bhattacharya, Tanmoy
Gupta, Rajan
Maltman, Kim
Citation: Physical Review D, 1998; 57(9):5455-5467
Publisher: American Physical Society
Issue Date: 1998
ISSN: 0556-2821
School/Discipline: School of Chemistry and Physics : Physics and Mathematical Physics
Statement of
Tanmoy Bhattacharya and Rajan Gupta, Kim Maltman
Abstract: In light of recent lattice results for the light quark masses ms and mu+md, we reexamine the use of sum rules in the extraction of these quantities, and discuss a number of potential problems with existing analyses. The most important issue is that of the overall normalization of the hadronic spectral functions relevant to the sum rule analyses. We explain why previous treatments, which fix this normalization by assuming complete resonance dominance of the continuum threshold region, can potentially overestimate the resonance contributions to spectral integrals by factors as large as ∼5. We propose an alternate method of normalization based on an understanding of the role of resonances in chiral perturbation theory which avoids this problem. The second important uncertainty we consider relates to the physical content of the assumed location s0 of the onset of duality with perturbative QCD. We find that the extracted quark masses depend very sensitively on this parameter. We show that the assumption of duality imposes very severe constraints on the shape of the relevant spectral function in the dual region and present rigorous lower bounds for mu+md as a function of s0 based on a combination of these constraints and the requirement of positivity of ρ5(s). In the extractions of ms, we find that the conventional choice of the value of s0 is not physical. For a more reasonable choice of s0, we are not able to find a solution that is stable with respect to variations of the Borel transform parameter. This problem can, unfortunately, be overcome only if the hadronic spectral function is determined up to significantly larger values of s than is currently possible. Finally, we also estimate the error associated with the convergence of perturbative QCD expressions used in the sum rule analyses. Our conclusion is that, taking all of these issues into account, the resulting sum rule estimates for both mu+md and ms could easily have uncertainties as large as a factor of 2, which would make them compatible with the low estimates obtained from lattice QCD.
Rights: ©1998 American Physical Society
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.57.5455
Appears in Collections:Special Research Centre for the Subatomic Structure of Matter publications

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