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Type: Journal article
Title: Conformity and reactance in the I Ching using a Q-Sort/RNG-PK method: a pilot study
Author: Storm, L.
Citation: Australian Journal of Parapsychology, 2016; 16(2):133-162
Publisher: Australian Institute of Parapsychological Research
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 1445-2308
Statement of
Lance Storm
Abstract: Storm and Rock (2014a) ran a synchronicity experiment in which a meaningful coincidence of ‘inner’ and ‘outer’ events was initiated by first asking participants to represent their inner mental states quantitatively on a Q-Sort Grid. Participants then created the outer event using a Random Number Generator (RNG) to generate an I Ching hexagram with an associated reading, hypothesized to match a high-ranking descriptor-pair. Significant effects include: a psi-hitting RNG-PK effect by psi believers (a.k.a. ‘sheep’), and a psi-missing Q-Sort effect by ‘indecisives’ who are mid-range-scorers on the Rasch-scaled Australian Sheep-Goat Scale (RASGS; a paranormal belief measure devised by Thalbourne, 1995). Storm and Rock (2014b) then reported the results of a reactance (Silvia, 2005) treatment, hypothesized to compromise the performance of nonbelievers in psi (i.e., ‘goats’) who try to disprove the psi hypothesis by performing poorly on psi tasks. Reactance effects approached significance. Indecisives produced the lowest scores on three psi measures (even lower than goats), yet mean scores on two related psi measures (RNG score and Yang lines) were higher (rather than lower) for reactant indecisives compared to control indecisives and reactant goats. In this pilot study, the effects of paranormal belief, conformity (Mehrabian, 2005), and trait reactance on psi performance were investigated, with special focus on indecisives. Using hierarchical multiple regression analysis, trait reactance significantly moderated the relationship between paranormal belief (RASGS) and psi. Conformity was a significant predictor of psi above and beyond the contribution made by the paranormal belief  trait-reactance interaction term. However, this was only the case if RASGS scores were transformed (squared). The effects were not unique to indecisives. Results of this study suggest that there are instances in which the relationship between paranormal belief and psi are not necessarily linear.
Keywords: Conformity; ESP; I Ching; PK; Random Number Generator; reactance;, RNG; sheep-goat effect
Rights: © 2016 AIPR
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Psychology publications

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