Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/109802
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Type: Theses
Title: Infrared spectroscopy of astrophysically relevant molecules
Author: Bunn, Hayley Ann
Issue Date: 2017
School/Discipline: School of Physical Sciences
Abstract: This thesis involves use of the Terahertz & Far-Infrared Beamline facility at the Australian Synchrotron to record spectra and try to resolve the rotational fine structure of species having astrophysical relevance. The primordial nature of hydrogen makes understanding its interaction with other species interesting in terms of the origin and evolution of interstellar media and planetary systems. The interaction of molecular hydrogen with rare gas atoms constituted some of the first spectroscopic experiments on van der Waals complexes, and part of this thesis involves extending this body of work to the far-infrared spectra of H₂/D₂–Xe. The high polarisability of Xe makes the complex an "easy" spectroscopic target, and attempts at collecting high resolution spectra of the H₂/D₂–Xe complexes were successful. From rare gas species the field evolved into the interaction of H₂ with other homonuclear diatomics such as N₂ and O₂, and this thesis expands on a previous far-infrared study on H₂–O₂ by providing and analysing the mid-infrared spectra of H₂–O₂ and the far-infrared spectra of D₂–O₂. Spectroscopic signatures of interstellar molecules provide the foundation for experimental studies into astronomically relevant systems such as vinyl alcohol, which was observed towards Sagittarius B2(N) in 2001. The second and major component of this thesis involves the analysis of the torsional bands of vinyl alcohol. The fundamental and first two hot bands of syn-vinyl alcohol are observed, along with the first infrared observation of the anti rotamer, including the fundamental and first hot band. High resolution far-infrared spectroscopy is used, with the assistance of computational calculations and a spectral analysis program, to refine the ground state, and provide accurate excited state, rotational and centrifugal distortion constants as well as the determination of relative rotamer abundance. Far-infrared spectra of monodeuterated vinyl alcohol, CH₂CHOD, is also presented, similarly showing the OD torsional fundamental and first two hot bands of syn rotamer, and the fundamental and first hot band of the anti rotamer.
Advisor: Metha, Gregory Francis
Raston, Paul L.
Dissertation Note: Thesis (M.Phil.) (Research by Publication) -- University of Adelaide, School of Physical Sciences, 2017.
Keywords: spectroscopy
infrared
astronomy
synchrotron
Research by Publication
Provenance: Copyright material removed from digital thesis. See print copy in University of Adelaide Library for full text.
This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/legals
DOI: 10.4225/55/5a1f68cdb3fba
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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