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|Title:||Increasing motor cortex plasticity with spaced paired associative stimulation at different intervals in older adults|
|Citation:||European Journal of Neuroscience, 2017; 46(11):2674-2683|
|Simranjit K. Sidhu, Maryam Pourmajidian, George M. Opie and John G. Semmler|
|Abstract:||The ability of priming non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) to modulate neuroplasticity induction (i.e. metaplasticity) within primary motor cortex (M1) may be altered in older adults. Previous studies in young subjects suggest that consecutive NIBS protocols interact in a time-dependent manner and involve homoeostatic metaplasticity mechanisms. This was investigated in older adults by assessing the response to consecutive blocks of paired-associative stimulation (PAS) separated by different inter-PAS intervals (IPIs). Fifteen older (62-82 years) subjects participated in four sessions, with each session involving two PAS blocks separated by IPIs of 10 (IPI10) or 30 (IPI30) mins. For each IPI, the first (priming) PAS block was either PASLTP (N20 latency + 2 ms) or PASLTD (N20 latency - 10 ms), while the second (test) PAS block was always PASLTP. Changes in M1 excitability were assessed by recording motor evoked potentials from a muscle of the right hand. For both IPIs, the response produced by PASLTD -primed PASLTP was significantly greater than the response produced by PASLTP -primed PASLTP. Furthermore, the effects of PASLTD priming on PASLTP were significantly greater for IPI30. These findings suggest that priming PAS can increase plasticity induction in older adults, and this occurs through mechanisms involving homoeostatic metaplasticity. They also demonstrate that the timing between priming and test NIBS is a crucial determinant of this effect, with a 30-min interval being most effective. Providing a 30-min delay between priming NIBS and motor training may improve the efficacy of NIBS in augmenting motor performance and learning in the elderly.|
|Keywords:||Ageing; metaplasticity; neuroplasticity; transcranial magnetic stimulation|
|Rights:||© 2017 Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and John Wiley & Sons Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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