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Type: Thesis
Title: Using Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy to measure greenhouse gas concentrations and estimate flux to the atmosphere using a closed flux chamber
Author: Clark, B.
Issue Date: 2014
School/Discipline: School of Physical Sciences
Abstract: Atmospheric methane concentrations have risen from 823 ppb in 1841 to 1824ppb in 2013. In that time methane concentrations have risen more rapidly than carbon dioxide levels. Methane also has twenty-one times more global warming potential than carbon dioxide which makes methane an increasingly important greenhouse gas. Demand for potentially cleaner energy sources such as coal seam gas (CSG) has also brought more attention to methane and the need to understand the global methane budget. While the majority of sources and sinks have been identified their individual contributions to the atmosphere are poorly understood. New technology using Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy (CRDS) allows for parts per billion atmospheric variations in greenhouse gas concentrations to be measured every 2-4 seconds. Methane concentrations were measured at a number of field sites including natural and anthropogenic sources, both as background levels in the atmosphere and inside a closed flux chamber. In the swamps examined in this study methane flux as measured using the flux chamber varied by up to two orders of magnitude for the same wetland. These results suggest that it is difficult to accurately determine the global output of methane from wetlands. The CRDS was also used to measure atmospheric concentrations of methane around cities, farms, coal mines and CSG production areas. CRDS is a useful tool to help understand individual sources and how much methane they could emit.
Dissertation Note: Thesis (B.Sc.(Hons)) -- University of Adelaide, School of Physical Sciences, 2014
Keywords: Honours; Geology; methane; greenhouse gas; cavity ring down spectroscopy; global methane budget; closed flux chamber
Description: This item is only available electronically.
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the author of this thesis and do not wish it to be made publicly available, or you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
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