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Type: Journal article
Title: Cytokines regulate complement receptor immunoglobulin expression and phagocytosis of Candida albicans in human macrophages: a control point in anti-microbial immunity
Author: Munawara, U.
Small, A.
Quach, A.
Gorgani, N.
Abbott, C.
Ferrante, A.
Citation: Scientific Reports, 2017; 7(1):4050-1-4050-16
Publisher: Springer Nature
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 2045-2322
Statement of
Usma Munawara, Annabelle G. Small, Alex Quach, Nick N. Gorgani, Catherine A. Abbott and Antonio Ferrante
Abstract: Complement Receptor Immunoglobulin (CRIg), selectively expressed by macrophages, plays an important role in innate immunity by promoting phagocytosis of bacteria. Thus modulation of CRIg on macrophages by cytokines can be an important mechanism by which cytokines regulate anti-microbial immunity. The effects of the cytokines, tumor necrosis factor, transforming growth factor-β1, interferon-γ, interleukin (IL)-4, IL-13, IL-10, IL-1β, IL-6, lymphotoxin-α, macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) and GM-CSF on CRIg expression were examined in human macrophages. We demonstrated that cytokines regulated the CRIg expression on macrophages during their development from monocytes in culture at the transcriptional level using qPCR and protein by Western blotting. Both CRIg spliced forms (Long and Short), were similarly regulated by cytokines. Direct addition of cytokines to matured CRIg+ macrophages also changed CRIg mRNA expression, suggesting that cytokines control macrophage function via CRIg, at two checkpoints. Interestingly the classical complement receptors, CR3 and CR4 were differentially regulated by cytokines. The changes in CRIg but not CR3/CR4 mRNA expression correlated with ability to phagocytose Candida albicans by macrophages. These findings suggest that CRIg is likely to be a control point in infection and immunity through which cytokines can mediate their effects, and is differentially regulated from CR3 and CR4 by cytokines.
Keywords: Macrophages; Humans; Candida albicans; Candidiasis; Integrin alphaXbeta2; Macrophage-1 Antigen; Receptors, Complement; Inflammation Mediators; Cytokines; Phagocytosis; Gene Expression
Rights: © The Author(s) 2017 Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
RMID: 0030071986
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-04325-0
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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