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|Title:||Safety and efficacy of intravenous iron polymaltose, iron sucrose and ferric carboxymaltose in pregnancy: a systematic review|
|Citation:||The Australian & New Zealand journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 2017; 58(1):22-39|
|Alaa Qassim, Ben W. Mol, Rosalie M. Grivell and Luke E. Grzeskowiak|
|Abstract:||Background: Intravenous (IV) iron in pregnancy is useful where oral iron is not tolerated or a rapid replenishment of iron is required. Aims: To review the literature on the efficacy and safety of different IV iron prep - arations in the management of antenatal iron- deficiency anaemia (IDA). Materials and methods: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and Scopus from in - ception to June 2016. Eligible studies were randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies, involving administration of IV iron (ferric carboxymalt - ose (FCM), iron polymaltose (IPM) or iron sucrose (IS)), regardless of comparator, to manage antenatal IDA. Two independent reviewers selected studies, extracted data and assessed quality. Results: A total of 47 studies were eligible (21 RCTs and 26 observational studies), investigating IS ( n = 2635; 41 studies), FCM ( n = 276; four studies) and IPM ( n = 164; three studies). All IV preparations resulted in significant improvements in haema - tological parameters, with a median increase of 21.8 g/L at 3–4 weeks and 30.1 g/L by delivery, but there was no evidence of any associated improvements in clinical outcomes. A greater median increase in Hb was observed with a high (25 g/L; range: 20–39.6 g/L) compared with low dose (20 g/L; range: 6.2–50.3 g/L). The me - dian prevalence of adverse drug reactions for IPM (2.2%; range: 0–4.5%) was lower than FCM (5.0%; range: 0–20%) and IS (6.7%; range: 0–19.5%). Conclusion: While IV iron in pregnancy improves haematological parameters, there is an absence of evidence for improvements in important maternal or peri - natal outcomes. No single preparation of IV iron appeared to be superior, with the current IV iron preparation of choice largely determined by cost and conveni - ence around administration.|
|Keywords:||anemia; ferric compounds/administration and dosage; iron-deficiency/drug therapy; pregnancy; treatment outcome|
|Rights:||© 2017 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.|
|Appears in Collections:||Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications|
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