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Type: Journal article
Title: The association of a mediterranean-style diet pattern with polycystic ovary syndrome status in a community cohort study
Author: Moran, L.
Grieger, J.
Mishra, G.
Teede, H.
Citation: Nutrients, 2015; 7(10):8553-8564
Publisher: MDPI AG
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 2072-6643
Statement of
Lisa J. Moran, Jessica A. Grieger, Gita D. Mishra and Helena J. Teede
Abstract: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition in reproductive-aged women. While lifestyle management is first-line treatment in PCOS, the dietary intake of women with PCOS is unclear and there is no research assessing dietary patterns of women with and without PCOS. The aim of this study was to examine dietary patterns in a large cohort of women with and without PCOS. Data were from 7569 participants in the 1973-1978 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health population assessed at 2009 (Survey 5) (n = 414 PCOS, n = 7155 non-PCOS). Dietary patterns were evaluated using factor analysis and multiple logistic regressions assessed their associations with PCOS status. Three dietary patterns were identified that explained 27% of the variance in food intake between women with and without PCOS: Non-core foods; Meats and take-away and Mediterranean-style. The Mediterranean-style dietary pattern was independently associated with PCOS status. On adjusted analysis for each 1 SD increase in the Mediterranean-style dietary pattern, there was a 26% greater likelihood that women had PCOS. This may indicate an improvement in the quality of dietary intake following a diagnosis of PCOS. Future research should examine the contribution of dietary patterns to the incidence and severity of PCOS and the potential for modification of dietary patterns in the lifestyle management of PCOS.
Keywords: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome; Diet; Dietary patterns; Australia
Description: Published: 16 October 2015
Rights: © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons by Attribution (CC-BY) license (
RMID: 0030039000
DOI: 10.3390/nu7105419
Grant ID:
Appears in Collections:Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications

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