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|Title:||Salinity effects on chloroplast PSII performance in glycophytes and halophytes|
|Citation:||Functional Plant Biology, 2016; 43(11):1003-1015|
|William J. Percey, Andrew McMinn, Jayakumar Bose, Michael C. Breadmore, Rosanne M. Guijt and Sergey Shabala|
|Abstract:||The effects of NaCl stress and K⁺ nutrition on photosynthetic parameters of isolated chloroplasts were investigated using PAM fluorescence. Intact mesophyll cells were able to maintain optimal photosynthetic performance when exposed to salinity for more than 24 h whereas isolated chloroplasts showed declines in both the relative electron transport rate (rETR) and the maximal photochemical efficiency of PSII (Fv/Fm) within the first hour of treatment. The rETR was much more sensitive to salt stress compared with Fv/Fm, with 40% inhibition of rETR observed at apoplastic NaCl concentration as low as 20 mM. In isolated chloroplasts, absolute K⁺ concentrations were more essential for the maintenance of the optimal photochemical performance (Fv/Fm values) rather than sodium concentrations per se. Chloroplasts from halophyte species of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) and pigface (Carpobrotus rosii (Haw.) Schwantes) showed less than 18% decline in Fv/Fm under salinity, whereas the Fv/Fm decline in chloroplasts from glycophyte pea (Pisum sativum L.) and bean (Vicia faba L.) species was much stronger (31 and 47% respectively). Vanadate (a P-type ATPase inhibitor) significantly reduced Fv/Fm in both control and salinity treated chloroplasts (by 7 and 25% respectively), whereas no significant effects of gadolinium (blocker of non-selective cation channels) were observed in salt-treated chloroplasts. Tetraethyl ammonium (TEA) (K⁺ channel inhibitor) and amiloride (inhibitor of the Na⁺/H⁺ antiporter) increased the Fv/Fm of salinity treated chloroplasts by 16 and 17% respectively. These results suggest that chloroplasts’ ability to regulate ion transport across the envelope and thylakoid membranes play a critical role in leaf photosynthetic performance under salinity.|
|Keywords:||Membrane transport; non-stomatal limitation; photosynthesis; potassium; ROS; sodium|
|Rights:||Journal compilation © CSIRO 2016|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
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