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|Title:||Graphene oxide a new carrier for slow release of plant micronutrients|
da Silva, R.
|Citation:||ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2017; 9(49):43325-43335|
|Publisher:||American Chemical Society|
|Shervin Kabiri, Fien Degryse, Diana N. H. Tran, Rodrigo C. da Silva, Mike J. McLaughlin and Dusan Losic|
|Abstract:||The environmental problems and low efficiency associated with conventional fertilizers provides an impetus to develop advanced fertilizers with slower release and better performances. Here we report of development of a new carrier platform based on graphene oxide (GO) sheets that can provide a high loading of plant micronutrients with controllable slow release. To prove this concept two micronutrients zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) were used to load on GO sheets and hence formulate GO-based micronutrients fertilizer. The chemical composition and successful loading of both nutrients on GO sheets were confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The prepared Zn-graphene oxide (Zn-GO) and Cu-graphene oxide (Cu-GO) fertilizers showed a biphasic dissolution behaviour compared to commercial zinc sulphate and copper sulphate fertilizer granules, displaying desirable fast- and slow-release micronutrient release. A visualization method and chemical analysis were used to assess the release and diffusion of Cu and Zn in soil from GO-based fertilizers compared with commercial soluble fertilizers to demonstrate the advantages of GO carriers and show their capability to be used as generic platform for macro- and micro-nutrients delivery. A pot trial demonstrated that Zn and Cu uptake by wheat was higher when using GO-based fertilizers compared to standard zinc or copper salts. This is a first report on the agronomic performance of GO-based slow-release fertilizer.|
|Keywords:||Carrier; fertilizers; graphene oxide; micronutrients; slow release|
|Rights:||© 2017 American Chemical Society|
|Appears in Collections:||Chemical Engineering publications|
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