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Type: Theses
Title: Failure mode transition for rock cutting: theoretical, numerical and experimental modelling
Author: He, Xianqun
Issue Date: 2015
School/Discipline: School of Civil, Environmental and Mining Engineering
Abstract: Rock cutting involves removing the rock material in front of the cutter when it moves against the rock at certain penetrating depth. The responses of rocks under cutting are influenced by rock properties such as mineral constituents, strength and fracture properties, as well as the operational parameters such as the depth of cut, cutting velocity and the back rake angle. A common approach to characterise the interaction between rock and cutter is to model the cutting forces. When the depth of cut is small, cutting forces show a linear relationship against the depth of cut, indicating a ductile-dominant failure mode. As the depth of cut increases, the rock cutting failure shifts from ductile-dominant mode to brittle-dominant mode and the cutting forces gradually deviate from the linear relationship. The depth of cut at which the dominant failure mode changes is termed the critical transition depth in rock cutting. The challenge lies in developing a generalised model for cutting force prediction based on rock properties and various complex cutting conditions while incorporating both ductile and brittle failure regimes. In this thesis, the discrete element method (DEM) was employed to investigate the key rock properties that influence the failure pattern in rock cutting. It was demonstrated that rock (Brazilian) tensile strength (BTS) is as important as the uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) in the determination of the critical transition depth. The mineral grain size is also an important factor. Experiments were then carried out on two types of rock, namely Savonnières and Tuffeau limestone, to study changes in failure modes under different operational parameters of cutting velocity, back rake angle and depth of cut. Bažant’s size effect law was used for in-depth analysis of the cutting data, which performs exceptionally well in the quantification of the critical failure mode transition depth. These derived transition depths were then incorporated into the established generalised cutting force prediction model, which uses a more realistic assumption that the cutting failure is neither purely ductile nor purely brittle, but a combination of both. It was demonstrated that the generalised cutting force prediction model captures reasonably well the cutting responses and failure mechanisms for the rock under various cutting conditions. The insights presented in this study will help in the understanding of rock cutting failure mechanisms and rock cutting mechanics and will be beneficial to the optimisation of tool design and rock cutting operations.
Advisor: Xu, Chaoshui
Sheikh, Abdul Hamid
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) (Research by Publication) -- University of Adelaide, School of Civil, Environmental & Mining Engineering, 2015.
Keywords: rock cutting
ductile-brittle transition
critical failure mode transition depth
size effect law
specific energy
rock cutting force
Research by Publication
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
DOI: 10.4225/55/5ac41d59f8b93
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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