Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/111399
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Type: Journal article
Title: Search for post-merger gravitational waves from the remnant of the Binary Neutron Star Merger GW170817
Author: Abbott, B.
Abbott, R.
Abbott, T.
Acernese, F.
Ackley, K.
Adams, C.
Adams, T.
Addesso, P.
Adhikari, R.
Adya, V.
Affeldt, C.
Afrough, M.
Agarwal, B.
Agathos, M.
Agatsuma, K.
Aggarwal, N.
Aguiar, O.
Aiello, L.
Ain, A.
Ajith, P.
et al.
Citation: Astrophysical Journal Letters, 2017; 851(1):L16-1-L16-13
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 2041-8205
2041-8213
Statement of
Responsibility: 
B. P. Abbott ... D. D. Brown ... H. Cao ... M. R. Ganija ... W. Kim ... E. J. King ... J. Munch ... D. J. Ottaway ... P. J. Veitch ... et al. (The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration)
Abstract: The first observation of a binary neutron star (NS) coalescence by the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave (GW) detectors offers an unprecedented opportunity to study matter under the most extreme conditions. After such a merger, a compact remnant is left over whose nature depends primarily on the masses of the inspiraling objects and on the equation of state of nuclear matter. This could be either a black hole (BH) or an NS, with the latter being either long-lived or too massive for stability implying delayed collapse to a BH. Here, we present a search for GWs from the remnant of the binary NS merger GW170817 using data from Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. We search for short- (lesssim1 s) and intermediate-duration (lesssim500 s) signals, which include GW emission from a hypermassive NS or supramassive NS, respectively. We find no signal from the post-merger remnant. Our derived strain upper limits are more than an order of magnitude larger than those predicted by most models. For short signals, our best upper limit on the root sum square of the GW strain emitted from 1–4 kHz is ${h}_{\mathrm{rss}}^{50 \% }=2.1\times {10}^{-22}\,{\mathrm{Hz}}^{-1/2}$ at 50% detection efficiency. For intermediate-duration signals, our best upper limit at 50% detection efficiency is ${h}_{\mathrm{rss}}^{50 \% }=8.4\times {10}^{-22}\,{\mathrm{Hz}}^{-1/2}$ for a millisecond magnetar model, and ${h}_{\mathrm{rss}}^{50 \% }=5.9\times {10}^{-22}\,{\mathrm{Hz}}^{-1/2}$ for a bar-mode model. These results indicate that post-merger emission from a similar event may be detectable when advanced detectors reach design sensitivity or with next-generation detectors.
Keywords: Gravitational waves; methods: data analysis; stars: neutron
Rights: © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0030079571
DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa9a35
Appears in Collections:Physics publications

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