Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/111834
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Type: Journal article
Title: Antiangiogenesis and antioxidant activity of ethanol extracts of Pithecellobium jiringa
Author: Muslim, N.
Nassar, Z.
Aisha, A.
Shafaei, A.
Idris, N.
Majid, A.
Ismail, Z.
Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012; 12(1):210-210
Publisher: BioMed Central
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 1472-6882
1472-6882
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Nahdzatul Syima Muslim, Zeyad D Nassar, Abdalrahim FA Aisha, Armaghan Shafaei, Norshirin Idris, AminMalikShahAbdul Majid and Zhari Ismail
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis plays a critical role in embryonic development and various physiological processes. However, excessive angiogenesis is associated with several pathological conditions including cancer. Pithecellobium jiringa (Jack) Prain is a traditional medicinal plant from the family Leguminosae. It is native to the Southeast Asia, where it has been used traditionally for treatment of various ailments such as hypertension and diabetes. The present work is aimed to study antioxidant and antiangiogenesis activities of P. jiringa ethanol extracts. METHODS: P. jiringa fruit rinds were extracted with ethanol and 50% ethanol. The antioxidant property was analysed using, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl free radical scavenging assay. Phytochemical analysis was performed using thin layer chromatography and colorimetric methods. Then, cell growth inhibition was studied against a panel of human cell lines by MTT test. In vitro inhibition of angiogenesis was studied by the following assays: isolated rat aortic rings cell viability, colony formation, endothelial cell migration, endothelial tube formation on matrigel, and expression of vascular endothelial growth factor by endothelial cells. In vivo antiangiogenesis effect was studied by utilising fertilised chick embryos assay. The results were statistically analysed by analysis of variance. RESULTS: Ethanolic and 50% hydro-ethanolic extracts showed relatively high concentration of total phenolics associated with potent antioxidant activity. The rat aortic rings study conducted showed potent inhibition of the microvessels outgrowth with IC50s 5.27 ± 0.81 μg/ml (ethanolic) and 4.45 ± 0.63 μg/ml (50% hydro-ethanolic). Both extracts arrested the growth of human endothelial cells via down-regulation of VEGF expression, leading to inhibition of other angiogenesis cascades including migration of endothelial cells, and formation of capillary network on matrigel matrix. The extracts also inhibited the neovascularisation of chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane. CONCLUSIONS: P. jiringa extracts inhibit angiogenesis by blocking the VEGF expression thus inhibiting endothelial cells proliferation, migration and differentiation most likely due to presence of the antioxidant phenolics.
Keywords: Pithecellobium jiringa; antiangiogenesis; antioxidant, phytochemical analysis
Rights: © Muslim et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012 This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-12-210
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