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Type: Journal article
Title: Mild cognitive impairment is associated with subclinical diastolic dysfunction in patients with chronic heart disease
Author: Sacre, J.
Ball, J.
Wong, C.
Chan, Y.-.K.
Stewart, S.
Kingwell, B.
Carrington, M.
Citation: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging, 2018; 19(3):285-292
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 2047-2404
Statement of
Julian W Sacre, Jocasta Ball, Chiew Wong, Yih-Kai Chan, Simon Stewart, Bronwyn A Kingwell, Melinda J Carrington
Abstract: Background: To examine mild cognitive impairment and its associations with subclinical cardiac dysfunction in patients with chronic heart disease yet to develop the clinical syndrome of chronic heart failure (CHF). Methods and results: Patients from the Nurse-led Intervention for Less Chronic Heart Failure Study (n = 373 with chronic heart disease other than CHF; 64 ± 11 years, 69% men) were screened for mild cognitive impairment [Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) score <26] and underwent echocardiographic/clinical profiling. We investigated associations of mild cognitive impairment and MoCA cognitive domain subscores with global cardiac status (‘normal’ vs. ‘diastolic dysfunction’ vs. ‘other cardiac abnormality’) and individual echocardiographic parameters. Patients with mild cognitive impairment (n = 161; 43%) demonstrated a higher age-adjusted prevalence of diastolic dysfunction (37% vs. 24%; P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression (adjusted for age, sex, and other relevant clinical factors) indicated that the odds of mild cognitive impairment were two-times higher with diastolic dysfunction (P = 0.030) and 1.7-times higher with ‘other cardiac abnormalities’ (P = 0.082) vs. normal cardiac status. In turn, mild cognitive impairment was predicted by left-ventricular (LV) filling pressure (based on the ratio of early diastolic filling and annular velocities; adjusted odds ratio 1.07 per unit increase, P = 0.022), but not LV structural parameters. Specific deficits in the cognitive domains of executive functioning and visuo-constructional abilities were also independently predicted by diastolic dysfunction (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Mild cognitive impairment is prevalent in patients with subclinical chronic heart disease at high-risk of CHF. Independent associations with LV diastolic dysfunction suggest a link between cardiac and cognitive functioning beyond shared risk factors.
Keywords: Cognitive impairment; diastolic dysfunction; echocardiography; left ventricular function; left ventricular hypertrophy
Rights: Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2017.
RMID: 0030081902
DOI: 10.1093/ehjci/jex169
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Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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